Health & Fitness

How Are Sexually Transmitted Infections Linked To Fertility?

Previously known as STDs (sexually transmitted diseases), sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are the infections that happen throgh sexual contacts. These infections occur to both males and females through vaginal, anal, or oral sex. The causing bacteria or viruses pass one person to another via vaginal fluid, semen, blood, sperm, and any other bodily fluid. Sometimes these infections can happen to a baby during pregnancy or birth time through its mother. You should visit the best fertility hospital in Bangalore or your local city to know the effect of STIs on your fertility if you have had unprotected sex with more than one partner. Before that, you can educate yourself through this write-up. 

Common examples/types of STIs

You have known that sexually transmitted infections (STIs) occur to a person due to the pass of blood, semen, vaginal fluid, sperm, or bodily fluids during sextual intercourse. During an intimate physical intercourse, different body parts of two partners come to close contact. And hence, these infections are of different types. Some of them are as follows:

  • Trichomoniasis
  • Chlamydia
  • Gonorrhoea
  • Syphilis
  • Genital herpes
  • Hepatitis
  • Human papillomavirus (HPV)
  • HIV/AIDS  

Symptoms of sexually transmitted infections   

STIs have an extensive array of signs and symptoms. Some of them are visible while some are invisible or don’t have any signs. And hence, people are unaware of these infections and they know when they start having complications. Common symptoms of STIs include:

  • Burning sensation or pain during urination 
  • Irregular vaginal bleeding 
  • Vaginal pain or burning 
  • Fever
  • Rashes over hands, feet, and trunks
  • Sudden pain in the lower abdomen 
  • Bumps or sores in the gintal organ, oral, or rectal area
  • Unusual vaginal discharge 
  • Yellow or grey penile discharge 
  • Testicular pain 

How to stay away from STIs or prevent STIs  

You can stop yourself from having STIs. And for this, the basic thing you have to do is to say No unprotected sex and use condomes during sexual relationships. Here are some more tips to prevent STIs:

  • Use other protective devices during sex
  • Avoid using artificial lubricants and prefer water-based one 
  • Go for regular sexual health checkup 
  • As far as possible, try not to have more than one sexual partner 
  • Ensure you and your partner have or no STIs 
  • Maintain proper hygiene during sexual activities 
  • Avoid sharing your undergarments, towels, or razors with others 

Link between fertility and sexually transmitted infections   

In the current world, STIs or STDs are common. It is, as many people don’t take precautionary measures while having sex with more than one partner. Some of them are not aware of whether their partners have STIs or not. Sometimes using condoms is not enough to keep a person from having these infections, as they also occur due to the transportation of bodily fluids during physical intimacy. 

STIs affect fertility in both males and females. Suppose that you use condoms during sexual intercourse stay safe from sexually transmitted infections. You know protected sex means you are not going to make your female partner pregnant. You (female) don’t conceive if you use condoms made for you. Further, signs of STIs include burning sensation in vagina, unusual vaginal bleeding and pain in gentail or rectal area. When you have pain, it is sure both of you will avoid getting intimidated with each other. And hence, you will have a direct impact on your fertility. 

In addition, STIs if you leave untreated can create several complications in your normal to sexual life. As males, you might experience erection problems, find early discharge, damage to your genital organ. On the other hand, your female partner may have problems in her fallopian tube, uterus damage, or inflammation in her reproductive organ. It is clear here that STIs can lead both of you to have infertility.  

What should you do?

You should follow all the precautions to prevent yourself from having sexually transmitted infections. And for this, you can avoid having physical intimacy with others and make love only with your partner. You will use condoms during sexual intercourse with your partner. As unprotected sex is essentail to make your female partner pregnany, so you should visit your doctor and seek him/her advice if you have STIs.     


STIs affect fertility in both males and females. No better option is available than precaution and a doctor’s advice. You should take all the requisite precautions to prevent yourself from having sexually transmitted infections. And you can visit a fertility hospital to know the impact of STIs on your fertility if you suspect having any one of these infections.

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