Neurology is a discipline of medicine that focuses on problems of the nervous system, which includes the brain, blood vessels, muscles, and nerves. It comprises the brain, blood vessels, muscles, and nerves. The autonomic nervous system, the central nervous system, and the peripheral nervous system are the three major domains of neurology. A neurologist is a physician who specialises in the discipline of neurology; a neurosurgeon is a physician who specialises in the surgical treatment of neurological problems.
After eight years of medical school, aspiring neurologists must complete a three- to four-year postgraduate residency programme. A number of neurologists opt to pursue fellowships in different neurology specialties after finishing their residency training. Specialties such as psychiatry and psychopharmacology, as well as psychiatry and psychopharmacology, may be provided.
Neurological issues may affect infants, adolescents, and adults in a variety of ways. Neurologists who treat children and adolescents under the age of eighteen are known as paediatric neurologists. Paediatric patients are affected by a wide range of disorders, including cerebral palsy, complex metabolic illnesses and epilepsy.
A five-year postgraduate training programme culminates in certification as a paediatric neurology specialist after completing four years of medical school. This training involves two years of paediatric training, one year of general neurosciences, and two years of paediatric neurosciences.
Diagnosis and treatment of neurological disorders are the focus of a neurologist’s practise. To begin, neurologists must determine whether there is a problem with the nervous system. Once the medical history is reviewed, a neurological exam is conducted to examine how the patient’s cranial nerves operate as well as how they coordinate, how they think, and how they feel.
There may be further tests needed to determine the best course of treatment once a diagnosis has been made. Computed axial tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, electroencephalography, and electromyography are some of the diagnostic procedures employed.
People may suffer from neurological disorders such as brain tumours, multiple sclerosis, spinal cord difficulties, illnesses of the muscles and peripheral nerves, and neuromuscular junctions.
Treatment of patients with primary brain tumours, metastases, or neurological difficulties as the consequence of a cancer diagnosis is one of the most significant clinical areas of neurology.
Neurologists may also utilise different sorts of testing to diagnose their patients. Despite the fact that they are not permitted to administer the test, they are permitted to request it, evaluate it, and interpret the findings.
A neurologist may employ imaging studies such as the following to establish a diagnosis:
- CT scan
- MRI (magnetic resonance imaging)
- PET scan
Other diagnostic methods include sleep studies and angiography, to name a few examples. Angiography is used to diagnose blockages in the blood arteries that provide blood to the brain.
Your neurologist may work with you to treat your symptoms and neurological problem on his or her own, or in collaboration with your primary care physician and other professionals. In your location, you may make an appointment with a neurologist who will examine you.