Elements of Composing a Poem

Poems have always been popular among students and writers all across the globe. Several students are encouraged to compose poetry right from their school days. Some students eventually develop an interest in it, while others prefer story writing. Writing poems is an art and a strong medium to share opinions and thoughts with the help of literature. In the past, many freedom fighters and war soldiers have used poetry as a strong medium to express their thoughts and send messages to the world.

To compose poetry, a student should always ensure the following important elements are always in place for the write up:


The poem’s tone is the attitude that reflects out of the poet. The tone could vary from poet to poet, or it also depends on its genre. Under this, the exclusion and inclusion of certain details are also impacted.

Examples of tones used in poetry could include disgust, rebel, anger, romance, sadness, etc.


It is defined as the choice of words that directly relate to the symbolism used in the poem. The diction is important to achieve an emotional, sensory, or imagery effect on the readers. It is important to always broaden the meaning with the correct use of words related to one another to suit the entire theme of the poem.


Symbolism provides a concrete representation of the things discussed in the entire poem. This is supported by imagery related to the details described using a symbolism element. Hence, both these go hand in hand when composing a poem. It is always vital to relate every sentence to execute the poem’s real meaning or overall message.


A poem should be well organized and never presented in a wordy format. There are never paragraphs with the same sentences along the same line. Remember that a poem is different from a story writing process. The sentences should have minimal words but be accurate enough to ensure that each sentence makes sense to the poem’s theme. It should go in a flow, and the use of commas, full stops, and other symbols can help readers understand the poem well by understanding the poem’s rhythm. Towards the end, it is always good to reiterate the poem’s theme as a closing statement leaving readers to develop thoughts around it.


Not all poems may need to end with rhyming sentences. There is another format or style of writing where although the poem is rhythmic, the last words of each sentence need not necessarily be a rhyme to each other. This is also an acceptable style of poetry, and at the end, it is important to have the statements sensible enough to support the overall theme and idea of the poem.

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